Sunday, December 8, 2019

Consent Ethical Data



I think, that of the options, consent was the most important. Many sites and apps ask that you accept the terms of accessing the site/app before you can actually use them. But no really reads them in their entirety and just press the button in order to save time. Everyone does it and many don’t think anything of it. But even if someone did read it, the odds are people wouldn’t understand what they are actually reading and what they are potentially agreeing to when the access the site. I honestly think it is unfair that people could have their activity used in something they are not aware of because they clicked a button that they didn’t understand. Technology can be complicated and many people do not understand all the conditions and risks there is. That is why consent should be clear before any data can be used. Especially with the person being unaware of what is happening.



https://www.salon.com/2019/12/06/the-tricky-ethics-of-googles-project-nightingale_partner/
In relation to this, recently the news broke that Google was teaming up with Ascension which meant Google now had access to tens of millions of patient records. While Google and Ascension might have good intentions, the intention being the improvement of how information is used for patient care, the fact is that the operation was not actually revealed by the two companies and it is raising a lot of concerns. Obviously privacy is a concern, but consent is as well. Since it was originally being done in secret, that means that no patients or doctors had any knowledge about this. Thus consent was never truly revived. People had no idea that their sensitive information was being used. There is no “opt-out” option for patients so that their information is not shared which is frustrating for many. While in some public health ethics do not require consent, people are still frustrated by the turn of events.

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Explore Task Progress

Yesterday during class, I managed to find all the information I am going to need in terms of a privacy concern. In addition I also managed to find the negative impact the innovation has. While I didn't get far in terms of actual notes taken down, the notes I do have have a lot of detail and I also managed to find a site that was made somewhat recently which means I only have to find one more to fit the requirement. I found a lot of websites yesterday that will help me today to find the missing information I need.

Today I hope to find the beneficial effect that my innovation has so that way I can check off section 2C. Once I finish that, my hope is to get somewhat far in the data information in relation to Spotify. I do not think I will find all the information I need but I hope to at least get the groundwork started and find some sites that will help me move forward.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Submarine Cables

1. Is it true that sharks biting the cables is a problem?
It has occurred every once and a while and it has even resulted in some pretty nasty damage to the cables.However, measures have been taken in recent years to prevent the sharks from doing this.
2. Cables can break just by wearing out - but what are some other things that cause them to break?
Most cable faults caused by man are the result of fishing boats that are dragging their anchors. In addition, natural disasters such as earthquakes can cause damage if they are powerful enough.
3. Who uses submarine cables?
Essentially anyone who needs to send information across oceans. Nearly all of the data sent across oceans, uses these cables. Specifically though, telecom providers are the main people who use them.
4. How thick is a cable?
They are only about as thick as a garden house.
5. How does fiber-optic technology work with the cables?
This technology allows the data to travel very fast at an approximate rate of terabytes per second. These cables when combined with fiber optic technology allows the delivery of digital data such as telephone calls, the internet, as well as a more private data traffic setting.  
6. What did you find most interesting about the cables?
Honestly the size is what I find most interesting. I just kind of figured they were these massive cords that spanned the ocean floor. I find it hard to believe that a garden hose size cable is able to transmit data so that was really cool to learn.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

IP Addresses


  1. What is a protocol?
    1. It is a well known set of rules/standards that is used to communicate between machines. As long as all parties agree to use it, everything can run much more smoothly.
  2. What is an Internet Protocol (IP) address?
    1. Essentially if one computer asks another computer about something, then the computer needs to know the other computer’s IP address. It will also send its own address that way if any information needs to be returned, it can do so. An IP address is composed of a bunch of different numbers.
  3. How is it organized hierarchically?
    1. Usually the first set of numbers corresponds with the country, then comes the regions, then the subnetworks, and then finally the address of the specific device.
  4. How many bits are in an IPv4 address?
    1. There are 32 bits.
  5. How many IPv4 addresses does that mean there are?  
    1. There are over 4 billion unique addresses.
  6. What is the difference between IPv6 and IPv4.  
    1. IPv6 allows for more unique addresses due to the fact that it has more bits making up the address. IPv6 has about 128 bits.
  7. Why do we need IPv6?
    1. The internet has become a lot more popular than was originally expected. Due to this, we need more unique addresses. Therefore IPv6 will provide us with more.
  8. What is an IP packet?
    1. An IP packet contains many pieces of information. Such as IP addresses, data it is carrying, and other constraints that are necessary for service handling.
  9. What is the difference between an IP address and an IP Packet?
    1. An IP address is a series of numbers that identifies devices on a network while and IP packet actually contains the IP address and the data that is going to be identified by the machine.
  10. What is the purpose of the Domain Name System (DNS)?
    1. The easiest way to describe these are as phone books. They hold the domain names and then translate them to the IP addresses.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Blown to Bits

Koan 2 essentially focuses on the nature of errors. Humans, for the most part, are the only one that make mistakes. That is why back when technology was not around and everything had to be copied by hand, there were mistakes and translating errors. But with technology, a copy is almost always perfect and identical to the original. (There are cases where there is a mistake but this is extremely rare.) I chose this one because it is easy to see how true this is. As a child, one of the common games you play in class is telephone, and as each person receives the message, it becomes more and more outrageously inaccurate and different from the original copy. That is human error. However, if I were to copy and paste an email, there would be no misinterpretation. I feel like this truth is the easiest to understand and make out.

Koan 6 essentially focuses on the fact that once something is out there, it doesn't go away. 2,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bits alone were stored in 2007 which means that all of that information is stored somewhere just waiting to be accessed. I chose this Koan because this reminds me of the serious problem people have nowadays with social media. Once a picture or comment is out there, anyone can access it if they look hard enough. That’s why a lot of celebrities have had a lot of criticism in recent years is because people have managed to find questionable pictures and comments on Facebook and similar sites.

Monday, November 4, 2019

Field Trip Images

This is an image of a medical device that, through advancements of wireless communication, have become much more portable and easier to use. This device can measure things such as heart rate and breathing and originally you would have only been able to use it in a hospital but now people can monitor their health more closely. I chose this image because I personally want to go into Biomedical Engineering which is constantly trying to make advancements in the medical field so I can see myself possibly doing something like this in the future.

This is a credit card that has the somewhat new chip feature. I chose it because most everyone has one of these but probably don't really think about the technology behind it. It works a wireless tool to buy things but many probably don't think ff it that way.

This is an image comparing the original vacuum tubes and then what they are now. I chose this picture because it seems really amazing to see the drastic change in size between the two and the smaller one is not only easier to use, but also more efficient. The original vacuum tube was used to control electric currents.

This is an image of Morse code that was above the station where you could practice the code. I took this picture because Morse code is still used today and it's pretty amazing to think about something that has been used for decades with minimal changes. This form of communication has saved a lot of lives especially in the case of the Titanic.

This is a replica of how the enigma machine might work. I chose this because I had a lot of fun trying to solve the message and it made me see how hard it really would be for anyone to solve it without a key. Every time I pressed a letter the letters changed. So P that originally represented S now no longer represented S. This device, after messages would be intercepted, would be sued to decode secret messages that could mean the difference between life and death.

This is an image of the role the Titanic Operators played in the eventual rescue of the survivors. I chose this because I was always fascinated by the story of the Titanic and it was interesting to read the board and read about how the use of Morse code and the technology that would lead to the rescue of hundreds of people. The operators used Morse code and this resulted in future ships being required to having an operator on duty at all times.

I did know what vacuum tubes were and that over the years they have changed, but I didn't realize how much smaller they had become. In addition they are now more efficient which was also pretty amazing considering the size.
Something else I learned was how influential Morse Code Operators were in the role of the Titanic. I feel like most stories regarding the tragedy don't really focus on their roles and I didn't realize that without them no help would have come. 
Another thing that I learned was the true complexity of the enigma code. Obviously I knew that there were an excessive amounts of solutions for just one code but after doing the code at the museum, I relaized how hard it really was. I can see why people called it an unbreakable code.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Coding in the Wild-Healthcare

I chose to focus on the healthcare aspect of this because no matter how technology progresses, healthcare and medicine is always going to be a part of our lives. Not to mention I happen to have an interest in medicine and want to work in a field related to this. (The author fell into Bioengineering and I want to do Biomedical engineering.) 
The author used Matlab, which is a numerical computing environment and a programming language, to make their projects more efficient. The author commented on how much information there is in the medical field. For just one patient their can be quite a lot. Nevermind how much data there would be for the many people found in a hospital. The author’s main job was to analyze data and use different programming languages to ensure the best care can be given for every patient that walks through the door. The author started learning this when he was a student and he was an extra set of hands as a research engineer.